The British parliament unified upper and Lower Canada into one colony named the Province of Canada they were named Canada East- formally lower Canada and Canada West- formally Upper Canada.
The colonies of upper and lower Canada should merge into one colony with an english speaking majority
The assimilation of the french peoples language and culture into the british language and culture
responsible government should be implicated in the new colony giving citizens a voice in government through an elected assembly
conservatives, clear grits, parti rouge, and parti bleu
loyal to Queen Victoria and the British. strongly supported and worked hard toward confederation
wanted people to have more voice in government operations. advocated for representation by the population system. had support from the rural population. supported the idea of confederation for bna colonies
opposed to a confederation of BNA colonies because he felt it would not be beneficial to Canada East French population
supported confederation only if canada east would maintain a religious and family law system. wanted cooperation between the french and English.
John A. Macdonald
George Entienne Cartier
John Alexander Macdonald was the first prime minister of Canada. He was the main reason for Confederation. It was his idea hence the name the "Impossible idea". John Alexander Macdonald is the main reason for the unity in Canada. John A Macdonald helped unite the bna colonies in confederation
the intercolonial railway is important because it would help Canada economically and it was one of the promises they fulfilled in confederation.
it would move troops faster, mail delivery would speed up, it could increase trade among colonies, and improve transportation- distance between colonies
political deadlock led to geat coalition in the united province of canada
a railway linking colonies was needed to increase trade and move troops
cancellation of the reciprocity treaty by the us ended free trade between bna and us.
there was a threat of American expansion into bna
great Britain wanted colonies to be more self sufficient
some people in Canada wanted to expand settlement into Ruperts land and north western territories
Charlottetown: sept 1 1864- considering a large union confederation of bna colonies
Quebec: Oct 1864- a list called The 72 resolutions was created.
London: 1866-1866- May 22 1867 Queen Victoria proclaimed that the dominion of Canada would be created. July 1st became Canada day in 1867. new brunswick and nova scotia were able to make the 72 resolutions benefit them. the intercolonial railway would be guaranteed- connect province
a temporary joining of political parties
americans believed they should own all of north America
occurs when parties cant agree and no resolution/decision can be made
the 36 men who represented bna colonies at one or more of the conferences.
it means the more people living in a province the more people would be elected to the assembly
Irish Catholics living in the us
george brown joined the conservatives nad parti bleu to break deadlock.
trading without tax/ tariffs
separated from the rest of the colonies, had strong ties with the us, the two main colonies were BC and Vancouver island and it was mostly populated by First Nations
mainly fur trading area, mettis settled in the red river region, settlers from Canada west moved west to farm, and mettis liv unrespected by the government of the united provinve of Canada.
most of the population by the British, fishing a ship building is popular, and they mainly traded with us and the West Indies.
canada west is mainly English- Canada East mainly french, farming is the most common industry, small factories, cities growing, and water main transportation-needs better roads
cost for Britain to defend and govern colonies, repeal or corn law, end of reciprocity treaty, Fenian raids, manifest destiny.
no intercolonial system of transportation-could not trade from colony to colony, the united province of Canada was often in political deadlock, and the national rail system too expensive for any one colony to build.
an act of union of Canada, new brunswick, Nova Scotia and the government
mine for gold
french and catholic
English and protestant