only seeing yourself in the positive light
Only searching for information that confirms an individual's biased opinion, and never searching for information against it.
politeness, cursing, nice, mean
Tone, volume, speed
Hand gestures, nodding, eye contact
Doing something because we simply enjoy it
2. Divided attention
x-axis, subject which changes
y-axis,, what's being measured
lower than 0.05 is significant
strength of the relationship,, positive or negative
comparison of two different conditions
comparison of two different variables
the process where information from senses is recognized and collected into the brain
people easily conform to social roles
sad, angry, joy, fear, disgust, surprised, anticipation, acceptance
focusing on a specific stimuli in a group of stimuli.
occurs from 1/2 - 4 seconds
occurs within 1/2 second
occurs in sections.. down and back up then down again
when hidden attitudes are revealed unknowingly
self-reported attitudes that are expressed when someone's fully aware of what they're saying
facetime because gestures aren't shown
Task someone's confident in: positive
Task someone's unfamiliar with: negative
a process of study for a person or group.
minimum amount of energy needed to recognise stimuli
affective = how we feel
behavioural = how we behave to stimuli
cognitive = how we think about stimuli
how we respond to an action by someone else
people only slept at night to hide from predators and to conserve energy.
1. more vulnerable at night because we lost our vision
brain organizes short-term memory to long-term memory
conserve energy for the next day, and process information of what happened during the day before
certain belief about a small community in a larger community
Physiological arousal and cognitive appraisal happen at the same time, which creates a subjective experience.
change cognition,, add congnition,, stop behaviour
High heart rate, increase in blood pressure, sweating
Lying makes us feel a sense of danger and fear of whether the truth will be revealed. Therefore, we go into fight or flight mode which is the sympathetic part of our autonomic nervous system.
1. reception - Light waves hit retina
2. transduction - Light energy converted to neural energy in rods and cons via reptor cells
3. transmission - Information sent to primary visual cortex in the occipital lobe
4. selection - feature detectors select what information is going to be focused
5. organisation - visual corte re-organises everything in the brain to make sense of the new information
6. interpretation - meaning based on memories and stored information
Guilty feeling for smoking