Africanna Studies: 25th Dynasty II
Pharaoh Shabaka introduced Egyptian Archaism as a Spiritual return to the historical and atavistic past .This affected his decision to push toward the consecration of the Holy enshrined places . His own government manifested itself as a Restorative Theocratic Monarchy . His Ethical principles incorporated Memphite Theology . What sanctified role did he pontificate under this system of governance ?
Priest of Amon ( Amun )
A political government is exemplified in many ways : Constitutional Monarchy , Constitutional Democracy , Dictatorship , or self government. This particular government is characteristically under the auspice of a Deity or Priesthood . The titulary status is a Theocrat who exercises theocratical governance . This type of government can be defined as a community or political unit under such government.
Its denotative suggestion is a forced payments by the defeated ruler or vanquished nation to the victorious nation . It serves as an acknowledgement of its concession and submission . This concept is inclusive of protection and security in some instances . The adjectival form is tributary . What is the noun ?
Pharaoh Pianhki had royal prenomen as Piye and Pianhky. During his reign ( 744 B.C. - 713 B.C. ) , he promulgated the Reunification of Egypt 🇪🇬 as a political reformation. The Revivalism comprised of the portable legacy of the Old and Middle Kingdoms : Pyramid Construction. The oldest royal Majesty assumed as a Potter's Burial field : El Kurru ( AL Kurru ) in Sudan . He expanded the extant Temple of Amun at Jebel Barkal with balustrade & forecourt . The Stele of Victory alluded to him as a pious equestrian . The exported Nubia's horse 🐎 and Chariots facilitated & enhanced his defeat of Tefnakht and his allies . Yet , his Egyptianization efforts at this international region rendered futile .
Near East ( once controlled by the Semitic Assyrian Empire )
This Epochal era commenced around 1080 B.C. in the wake of Pharaoh Ramesses XI's death . This began the terminus of the New Kingdom. Furthermore , there was a serial occurrence of the Nubian invasion beginning with the Kushitic Pharaoh Kashta in regional parts and the future Pharaoh Pianhki on its entirety. This Era ended in 664 B.C. upon the brutal attack of the Xenophobic Pharaoh Psamtik and his Assyrian allies.
Third Intermediate Period
"...?...Egypt is the Southern portion of Egypt 🇪🇬 and is composed of the lands on both sides of the Nile that extend down river between Nubia and Lower Egypt in the North .." ( Wikipedia ) . This passage alludes to which geographical zones ?
Upper Egypt 🇪🇬
In 701 B.C. ,Taharqa and army lent military support to Judea and King Hezekiah when the Assyrian King Sennacherib threatened siege of Jerusalem ( 2 King 19:9 ; Isaiah 37:9 ) . Theoretical postulation alluded to the failure of Assyria's consummated siege to 1) proliferated disease ; 2) the visibility of Taharqa's military; 3 ) Afflatus ; 4) Hezekiah's capitulation ; or 5) Herodotus Mice Theory . Thereafter , the Sennacherib's siege failed . However. this resolute King Sennacherib became the overlord of this city and forced Judah to pay tribute to Assyria as his Annal . What city became his jurisdictional turf ?
What was the Ancient Metropolis in South Syria of neoteric Lebanon 🇱🇧 called ? It was also the once the Egyptian outpost .
Contrary to King Sennacherib's Annal claiming control over Khor and his Judean tribute mandate , Khor had frequent utility of the Egyptian system of weight and calibration ( measure ) . It made tributary payments to Amun of Karnak especially during the 1st half of Taharqa's reign. Assyria imposed an embargo and blockade on the Lebanese Cedar wood 🪵 as an article of commerce to Egypt 🇪🇬. A flouting base of Taharqa who desperately needed the raw materials to finish the construction of the Temple of Amun at Kawa . In 679 B.C. , King Sennacherib passed away . Who became his successor ?
King Esarhaddon of Assyria in 679 B.C. led a military campaign and sieged Khor , the once loyal province of Egypt 🇪🇬. His Militia caused a mass destruction of Sidon and forced Tyre into tribute obligation between 677 B.C. to 676 B.C. Esarhaddon surreptitiously led an invasion of Egypt in 674 B.C. This was a radicalized and resounding defeat for Pharaoh Taharqa's military and army as per the veritable Babylonian record in 672 B.C. Taharqa employed a new militaristic stratagem . What was it ?
Incorporated Kushitic Troops
In 668 B.C , Ashurbanipal assumed the transfer of military power in the wake of King Esarhaddon's death . He forged an alliance with Assyria . Collectively , they strengthen a decisive defeat of the African Pharaoh Taharqa. The Assyrian Militia advanced into Thebes with no Colonial control . Ashurbanipal apppointed his Vassal Ruler , Necho I , to control Egypt 🇪🇬. Who was Necho I ?
King over the City of Sais
Pharaoh Taharqa ofcthe 25th Dynasty ( reigned 690 B.C. - 664 B.C) His International Diplomacy escalated into the inevitable war with Assyria. He established alliance with Phoenicia and Philistia who shared a common enemy : Assyria. The Mut Temple of Karnak presented ' a List of Conquered Asiatic Principalities '. It ascertained the historical legacy of Pharaoh Taharqa's led and successful campaigns. This Sanam Temple inscribed "... Conquered people & Countries .." ( Libyan 🇱🇾 , Shasus nomads , Phoenicians ...Khor in Palestines..." ) . Taharqa's Militia engaged in long distance running . He installed 3 military garrisons . What were these fortifications ?
Semna Forts , Buhen Fort , and Qasr Ibrim Fortress
In 669 B.C. , the resilient Pharaoh Taharqa launched the reoccupation of Memphis and Delta . As per the Stele's inscription , he "...recommenced intrigues with the King of Tyre .." Upon learning about this via the grapevine , the nefarious Esarhaddon commandeered the redeployment of his Army to Egypt 🇪🇬. Destiny and fate altered in part in 668 B.C. What happened ?
Transfer of Military Power via Esarhaddon's deathbed will to Ashurbanipal
The year 671 B.C. was a portraiture of an ugly chapter in the history of Pharaoh Taharqa's reign. The Assyrian King Esarhaddon executed his Xenophobic and ruthless Military campaign as he marshalled his troops to conquer Lower Egypt and Memphis . He imposed tribute . He staged a captivity of the Pharaoh's Royal family : His polygamous wives , his Prince __?__ , and the Royal Court who became the truncated hostages in Assyria. Esarhaddon audaciously purloined Pharaoh Taharqa's auriferous Gold quartz , gilted headdress , & Nubian cimmerian horses as taken to Assyria. Taharqa landed in a clandestine retreat . Who was the captured Prince ?
Prince Nes Anhuret
This successor of Pharaoh Taharqa mobilized the reconnection of Egypt 🇪🇬 and the Reclamation of Memphis. He forced the Assyrians into retreat after slaughtering the Assyrian Vassal , Necho I, in Memphis. Thereafter , he assumed the coronated throne as the 25th Dynastic Pharaoh.
Ancient Egypt of the Third Intermediate Period ( 1080 B.C. - 664 B.C. ) . Established the formation of the 22nd ( Not 25th ) Dynasty under the auspice of this Pharaoh who was part of this Epochal Era that endured for 2 Centuries.
Pharaoh Shosheng I
Pharaoh Pianhki as known by other prenomen: Piye and Pianhky , ruled in the 25th Dynasty from 744 B.C. to 712 B.C . He promulgated the policy of Reunification of Egypt 🇪🇬 as a political reformation. The Revivalism comprised of the portable legacy of the Old and Middle Kingdoms: __?__. It began with the oldest Pyramid of EL Kurru ( a/k/ a AL Kurru ) in Sudan 🇸🇩. He expanded the extant Temple of Amun at Jebel Barkal with embellished balustrades and forecourt . The Stele of Victory honored hom .
Pharaoh Pianhki as known by other prenomen: Piye & Pianhky is reveled by the Stele of Victory as located at Jebel Barkal. It alluded to him as a ' pious equestrian ' . The exported Nubian cultivated horses 🐎 and Chariots enabled his defeat of Tefnakht and his allies . Yet , his Egyptianization of the Near East dematerialized and failed for this very reason .
Pharaoh Shabaka in 712 B.C. launched the extradition of the rebellious captive Rahel Iamini to Assyria .He and his Militia advocated the Assyrian citizens' staged political uprising of the Assyrian government. It was quelled and defeated by the Persian Sumerian King Sargon in this City of Ashdod .
This General and his Cavalry amidst the crepuscular hours drew upon his militaristic algorithm of ambush & siege over Napata. His Militia advanced the rest of Egypt 🇪🇬 that led to his territorial conquests. According to the ' Stele of Victory ' , the demotic Hieroglyphics inscribed Stele annunciated him as both ,"...Son of Re ....." ( Ruler of Lower Egypt ) and "..Beloved of Amun ......" Ruler of Upper Egypt ) . The Double Kingships accelerated his meteoric rise and ascension as the 1st Theban Pharaoh and founder of the 25th Dynasty of Egypt who reigned from 744 B.C. to 712 B.C.
Piye a/k/a Pianhki a/k/a Pianhky
The Ancient titular is Second to God's Wife of Amun. The nominated women served as a Chief Priestess of Ancient Egyptian Deity Amun . During the 1st Millennium B.C. , this Priestess held the incumbent office holder position . She brokered the Ancient Egyptian mercantilism via her controls of the economy . On the political landscape, she weighed in her judgment anent the Pharaoh's Transfer of Power . She ruled over Temple's spiritual services . Shepenutupet II , Amenirdis I , and Nitiqret were purely Dark melaninized African women occupying this honorable capacity .
Divine Adoratrice of Amun
Pharaoh Kashta had political challenges at the dawn of his Kingship. Earlier , he had limited territorial jurisdiction of Ancient Nubia , where he ruled and governed from Napata. He installed Amenirdis I as the presumptive God's Wife and the Divine Adoratrice of Amun in Thebes . This politically legitimized his power as he acquired Thebais . He stationed garrisons as military protection against Lower Egypt's probable threat . Unlike his successors beginning with Pianhki , what agenda was lacking in Kashta's regime ?
No History of Military Engagement