It is the study of the atmosphere, focussing on weather processes and forcasting.
Movement of atmospheric air on the planet and is caused by variations in air pressure.
Fuel usage and flight time
Facing into the wind- sometimes this isnt always possible, causing a crosswind= bumpy ride.
Strong gusts may produce turbulance on final approach.
Low lying cloud made up of a dense mass of small water droplets that reduce visibility.
If it is really bad an aircraft may need to be diverted or grounded, otherwise it can still land and take off.
A collection of tiny water droplets (ice crystals) that are suspended in the air.
When moist air rises and cools.
Storms are produced by cumulonimbus clouds. It is unstable air and moisture.
Turbulance is an irregular flow of air in the atmosphere.
Storms, mountains, aircraft wake
Disruption of inflight service
Passenger concern and anxiety
Passenger or crew injury
Anticipated- predicted, picked up on flight radar.
Unanticipated- cannot be predicted, little to no warning. More commonly at high altitudes.
light unanticipated and unanticipated turbulance.