What is a gene?
A segment of DNA that codes for a specific protein
What is the basic unit of heredity?
Which process involves the production of gametes?
What is the genetic material of most organisms?
What is the purpose of DNA replication?
To create a copy of the genetic material
What is the function of a protein?
To provide structural support
Which type of mutation involves the insertion or deletion of nucleotides?
What is the purpose of genetic variation?
To enhance adaptation to changing environments
Which genetic disorder is characterized by the absence of melanin pigment?
What is the role of tRNA in protein synthesis?
Translation of mRNA