monomers are the smaller soluble molecules from which larger molecules are made
polymers are molecules made from a larger number of similar monomers joined together
this is when you join 2 molecules together with the formation of a chemical bond and it involves the elimination of a water molecule
this is the breaking of a chemical bond between 2 molecules by using a water molecule
these are the monomers from which larger carbohydrates are made
Glucose, Galactose, Fructose
alpha glucose and beta glucose
carbon 1 and carbon 4
linear saccharides and cyclo saccharides
by the condensation of two monosaccharides
Maltose by glucose and glucose.
Lactose by glucose and galactose.
Sucrose by glucose and fructose.
condensation of many monosaccharide units
long, straight unbranched chains
by flipping 180° to allow the OH group on carbon 1 and 4 to be adjacent to each other