Concerns with the legal relationship between an individual against the state.
Concerns with the legal relationship between two individuals against eachother.
A set of special rules governing behaviour.
Public and Private Law, Civil and Criminal Law, Common Law and Equity and Common Law and Statute Law.
A system of Law concerned with the punishment of offenders.
The part of a countrys set of Laws which only concerns private affairs, not criminal ones.
The body of principles and rules of Law laid down in statutes (Acts of Parliament). This can also be called and referred to as Legislation.
Quite literally means fairness.
The law established, by precedent, from judicial decisions and established within a community.
The principles concerning the distinction between good and bad behaviour or right and wrong.
The concerns of the distribution of goods and outcomes which should be equal, proportional and fair.
Whether an action is morally right or wrong depends upon the effect of the action and whether it produces a good or bad result.
John Stuart Mill, a British Philosopher, stated that the only actions that can be prevented are ones that create harm.
Founded by Philosopher John Locke, who argued that each man has a natural right to life, liberty and property which should not be violated by governments.
Interference in the market distribution of benefits and burdens would be unjust if it restricted or intervened with a persons individual freedom.
Equal application of procedural format of rules.
Actual just nature of rules.
A duty to act fairly.