Food prices are increasingly volatile, population growth, climate change and distribution of food is unequal globally.
All stakeholders (producers, business people, government/health authorities and consumers) working together with joined up thinking.
More than 1 billion.
Patterns, redistribution, market control and trade agreements.
$0.12 in Ethiopia and $2.90 in the West.
It is dominated by larger, richer, more developed countries.
The western nations have forced developing nations to be dependent on them to survive with unequal trade relations and social, economic and poiltical policies.
Increased consumer awareness and labelled clearly on widely available products.
Oromia Coffee Farmer's Co-operative Union
74,000 farmers grow and roast their beans.
Its highly versatile, cheap (highest yield of any oil crop), widely available and easy to extract. The UK has 320,000 tonnes per year.
Needs constant high temperature and humidity so rainforests cleared for monoculture (13 million hectares transformed) and the chemicals used pollute water and soils so other agriculture is impossible.
50% decline in orangutans.
Land appropriation by TNCs forces locals out (violently?), lifestyle changes and locals work for low wages.
Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil - 2000 members in 75 countries. They reduce costs by issuing Green Palm Certificates to producers.
They still allow the clearing of normal rainforests for palm oil production and certified plantations still have forced and child labour.
A country whose economy is dependent on one or few commodities. This includes monocultures that exhaust the land and being entirely export operated with little benefit to the host nation.
Fair price and cooperatives which represent the farmers, allowing control over everything, and link them to the supermarket and premiums which are reinvested in the local community.